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41.57 percent make it through SLC



The SLC pass percentage has dipped to a five-year low, with just a little more than 40 per cent of the total number of examinees passing the exams this year.

Only 41.57 per cent of the total number of examinees have made it through what is still called by many the Iron Gate, which is down by 6 percentage points compared to last year. In 2012, 47.16 percent of the examinees had passed the SLC exams.

Of the total of 403,936 students who appeared in this year´s SLC under the regular quota, only 167,935 succeeded, including 16,942 passing with distinction marks (above 80 per cent). While 76,165 students received first division marks, 69,830 received second division marks. Similarly, only 5,016 students passed with third division marks.

According to the Office of the Controller of Examinations (OCE), which published the SLC results on Tuesday, 6,067 examinees dropped out of the exams while 60 examinees were expelled. Similarly, the results of 818 students have been withheld for various reasons. And the exams of 230 students have been cancelled as they submitted their exam forms from two different schools.

In 2011, 55.95 per cent of examinees had passed the SLC exams — down by 9 percentage points compared to the previous year. In 2010, 64. 95 per cent had passed. In 2009, the SLC pass percentage was 68.47, the highest since the new curriculum for grade 10 was introduced in 2000.

Since 2009, the SLC pass percentage has been slipping continuously, which education experts say is a result of the over-politicization of schools.

Most of the students have failed in Mathematics, English and Science, according to Exam Controller Khaga Raj Baral.

Meanwhile, 7.76 percent of the total number of 107,229 students who appeared in the SLC exams under the exempted quota have passed this year. Of them, 117 have managed to pass with first division marks.

The failure of nearly 60 per cent of students in this year´s SLC is a result of lack of responsibility on the part of the political leadership, say education experts.

“The bureaucrats responsible for providing quality education to students have political backing, which they use to get away with negligence,” says education expert Man Prasad Wagle. “Teachers are attending political seminars at a time when they are supposed to be in the classroom.”
At the same time, the poor result also indicates that the Education Act 1971 is not working in the current scenario and the policies need to be revised through debate and discussion, he added.
Partly agreeing with Wagle, another expert, Bishnu Karki, said that the teachers did not fulfill their responsibility. But then the students who appeared in this year´s SLC were in school when the Maoist insurgency was at its peak.

“Let´s not forget that war leaves multiple impact and the poor performance of students in these crucial exams is part of this impact,” he mentioned, adding that the gap could have been filled if we had dedicated teachers at all schools in the rural areas.
The rise and fall in the SLC pass percent is just an illusion, and the fact is that the quality of the country´s education has never improved, claimed Karki. “The results were high only in those years when the exam centers were controlled by the guardians and private institutes, just like the political party cadres capture voting booths during elections,” he argued.

Education Secretary Som Nath Subedi argued that regular protests and strikes affected the schools 644 times in the last academic year, and this has been reflected in the SLC success rate. Similarly, the examinations were also conducted in a more disciplined way compared to previous years, he claimed.
“The result is not very satisfactory when compared with our investment in improving the school education system over a decade,” Subedi admitted. “We have a lot to learn from this year´s outcome.”

Exam Controller Baral defended the poor results, saying that increase and decrease in pass rates are also determined by the number of studious and less well prepared students appearing in a particular year.
“It´s more about the preparation of individual students for going through the Iron Gate, which I like to term a golden gate,” Baral mentioned. He also urged all the unsuccessful students to have patience and start preparing for a second attempt. The OCE would be conducting the supplementary exams from August 4 onwards.

Results leaked unofficially

Meanwhile, the OCE environment became tense during the day after the office itself leaked the SLC results to private contractors and individuals before announcing them officially.
“Guided by their vested interests, the OCE unethically provided the results information to individual persons,” said Ishwar Raj Dhakal, president of the Education Journalists Network. He added that the OCE should not have invited journalists if they were all set to leak the results unofficially. While the officers were sitting at a board meeting, the office provided a soft copy of the results in a pen-drive to Mahesh Shrestha, principal of Pushpa Sadan School. Shrestha is also a younger brother of Umesh Shrestha, president of the Higher Secondary School Association of Nepal. People from other private organizations were also allowed to enter the “confidential” board meeting.

For the first time in history, the SLC results have not been published in the print media. The results could be accessed at government website <;, <; ,, and Several other websites also posted the results. Likewise, telephone and SMS services have been provided to give out the results as quickly as possible.


Year      Pass percent      Total appeared            Total Passed
2013      41.57                    403936                          167935

2012       46.6                     419049                          197641

2011      55.5                      397833                          222568

2010      64.31                    385221                          250220

2009      68.47                    342632                          234602

Source: Republica Daily


Published on 2013-06-12 03:09:47

Audio notice boards to mend SLC question errors


KATHMANDU, March 13: The Office of the Controller of Examinations (OCE), which has been under pressure to avoid errors in SLC exam question papers since the last few years, has introduced audio notice boards to amend such errors in the course of the examinations.

A total of 547,165 students are expected to appear in the SLC exams this year, which begin on Thursday.

OCE has set up a team of experts at its central office to check the question papers for errors as soon as the exams starts at all 1,786 exam centers across the country.

The team will unveil the question papers at 8 a.m. and keep updating the superintendants at the exam centers via audio notice boards from within half an hour of the exams commencing.

Exam Controller Khaga Raj Baral assured that students appearing in the exams this year would be relieved of question paper errors and will not have to feel exasperated while sitting in the examination halls.

The audio notice board is a special service that Nepal Telecom is providing to OCE to establish close communications between the OCE experts team at the central office and superintendents at all the exam centers, said Baral.

“Messages sent by the superintendents get recorded in our set and vice versa when one dials 1618016612146,” he explained.

Meanwhile, the Ministry of Education (MoE) has decided to field monitoring teams led by joint secretaries in all 14 zones to regulate the examinations. According to MoE spokesperson Mahashram Sharma, the monitoring teams will be authorized to take final decisions about any problems seen at the exam centers.

“In order to hold the exams efficiently and in a peaceful environment, the teams will be responsible for finding immediate solutions to such problems in all the zones,” he said.

MoE Joint-Secretary Sharma has been deployed to monitor Mechi Zone during the exams. Similarly, Director General of the Department of Education (DoE) Lav Dev Awasthi will take charge in Bagmati Zone and DoE Director Tek Narayan Pandey in Gandaki Zone.

On the basis of provisions in the SLC regulations directive issued last year, as many as 344 students are expected to be disqualified for the SLC exams this year following their dual registration at two separate schools. Exam Controller Baral said that these students have been given till Wednesday to make corrections.

The 1,786 exam centers across the country will be supervised by an equal number of superintendents and 2,655 assistant superintendents. Similarly, 21,890 invigilators, 7,297 peons and 19,860 security personnel will be deployed to conduct the exams smoothly.

Students, teachers, guardians or anybody found violating the exam rules can face up to six months in jail or a Rs 100,000 fine or both as per the gravity of their offense. Likewise, students involved in flouting discipline during the examinations could be disqualified for a year.

Minister urges guardians to encourage students

Minister for Education Dina Nath Sharma has urged guardians to encourage the students but not put unnecessary pressure on them to achieve the best results in the exams.

Speaking at a program organized to inform the public about the government´s preparations for this year´s SLC exams, Sharma added that he was hopeful of better results this year as the government was much criticized for just 47.16 percent passes last year.

Defending last year´s poor SLC results, he said that only good students were able to make it through the iron-gate as the exams were conducted strictly.

The government has within a year addressed several complex issues concerning the SLC system, he claimed.

“A ban on guide and guess papers has conveyed a message to students that those who are able to present creative answers perform well in the exams,” he said.

Source: Republica Daily


Published on 2013-03-13 06:14:20

Over half million to appear in SLC exams



The Office of the Controller of Examinations has completed all preparations for this year´s SLC examinations slated to be held from March 13 to 23. Total 5,47,165 students are expected to appear in the exam, out of which 4,30,097 are said to be regulars and 1,17,068 exempted.

The office has set up 1,786 exam centers across the country that will be supervised by an equal number of superintendents and 2,655 assistant superintendents.

Similarly, 21,890 invigilators, 7,297 peons and 19,860 security personnel would be deployed to conduct the exams successfully, said Examinations Controller Khaga Raj Baral, speaking at a press conference on Wednesday.

“So far, the question papers have reached 69 of the 75 district police offices across the country,” Baral said. “The remaining six districts, including the three inside the Kathmandu Valley, will receive the question papers in a few days.”

While Kathmandu district has the highest 86 exam centers, Manang and Mustang districts have one center each.

This year, the number of students appearing in the exams would exceed by 18,908 to the last year´s 528,257.

However, the number might decline slightly after the office receives final report from all the district administration offices across the country.

Meanwhile, the officials have said accessing individual answer-sheets would be easier this year. According to the Deputy Exam Controller Ganesh Dhakal, students can ask for their answer-sheets by submitting an application and their original admit card within 35 days of the announcement of the SLC result.

“The process has been simplified mainly to benefit the students from far-flung areas who had to suffer due to long process in the past,” said Dhakal.
Similarly, the office has reduced the fees for accessing ones answer sheets from Rs 1000 to Rs 700 for each subject.

To check the irregularities during the examinations, the government has been acting tougher since the last few years.

Students, teachers, guardians or anybody found violating the exam rules would face up to six months jail term or Rs 100,000 fine or both as per the nature of their offense. Likewise, the students involved in flouting discipline during the examinations would be disqualified for a year.

Source: Repubica Daily


Published on 2013-02-21 05:03:09