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Govt to blame for decline in SLC pass rate


KATHMANDU, June 13: If the government´s projection made in 1998 is anything to go by, SLC results should have touched 100 percent pass rate by 2012.
However, between 2009 and 2013, SLC pass rate has dropped by 26 percent to 41.57 this year from 68.47 percent five years ago. The dismal show stands starkly against the government´s School Sector Reform Program last year that hoped to achieve around 69 percent pass rate.

The government has spent Rs 555 billion in school education system since 2003. Among the total examinees who had appeared in this year´s SLC exams, 78 percent were from community schools, whereas only 24 percent were from the private sector. But the outcome is reverse as 80 percent of the total students who appeared from private institutions have made it through, while only 30 from public school institutions could pass the exam.

“The government spent Rs 2.6 million on a public school student,” said Educationist Mana Wagle, speaking at a program organized by Education Journalist Network on Wednesday.

“The government is spending Rs 32 billion per year on public school teachers alone since a couple of years. The government keeps spending but does not monitor how well it is being utilized,” he added.

From 2000 onwards, government implemented the Liberal Promotion Policy at grade 1 to 3 in community schools, which was introduced to encourage the poor performing students. But the school administration started upgrading all the students to senior classes regardless of their worst performance.

When the pass rate could not exceed 35 percent for the very first batch under new curriculum in 2000, the government immediately formed a committee to find the reason behind the poor performance. The report on systematizing the SLC and school education was prepared spending Rs 180 million under a committee led by Educationist Kedar Bhakta Mathema. However, the MoE did not even make the report public.

Recalling those days, Mathema mentioned that the comprehensive report was prepared taking one and half years but the effort went in vain. The committee prepared the most comprehensive report in the history of entire education system. The report was divided in 13 volumes of books with total 5000 pages. The Embassy of Denmark had funded the project.

Around 60 pages summary of the report was also prepared at that time to be disseminated to each and every schools so that they could followed by teachers and headmasters, he added.

“Sometimes I feel like crying when I remember how the bureaucrats buried the report secretly. The results would have been far better if the recommendations in the report were implemented,” says Mathema.

“Teachers still think that their job is over after completing chapter and most of them do not bother even to complete course,” he said. The teachers need to give regular class works, creative home works and also a remedial support classes following the results of class tests or terminal examinations, the report suggested.

Raising serious concern over the current academic status, Mathema said that the country cannot develop if community schools remain weak.
Human Development Index depicts that average education standard of Nepalis is till third-grade, the same as Afghanistan.

Source: Republica Daily


Published on 2013-06-13 01:50:18

About nirjanasharma

Nepali Journalist.

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